Mosque and Mausoleum of Eyup Sultan, located outside the corner
where the land walls meet the walls along the Golden Horn, is
considered a sacred site for Muslims. Eyup-el-Ensari was a
standard-bearer of Mohammed and he died here during an Arabic siege
of the city in the 7th century. His grave was discovered after the
conquest and later the mausoleum and the first mosque in Istanbul
were built on this site. The original mosque was destroyed in an
earthquake and the present one was constructed in its place in 1800.
On Fridays, holy days for Islam, throngs of the faithful visit the
mausoleum. The old trees, flocks of pigeons, the praying believers
and the visiting crowds create a mystical and colorful atmosphere
around the mosque and the mausoleum. The walls of the mausoleum in
the courtyard are covered with tiles from different periods.